Leffingwell & Associates
Takasago Full Year 2012-2013 Sales - May 20, 2013 - Takasago sales increased 4.7% to ¥ 118,973 million from the prior year ending March 31. Net income increased to ¥ 4673 million from ¥ 1,774 milllion (+263.4%)
Symrise 1st Qtr 2013 Sales - Holzminden, Germany - May 7, 2013 - Symrise 1st Qtr 2013 sales increased 5.8% to € 457.6 million (+7.9% in local currencies) compared to the prior-year-quarter. Net income for the quarter in creased 6.9% to € 46 million. Scent & Care sales increased 8.9% to € 245.0 million (+11.1% in local currencies). Flavor & Nutrition sales increased 2.3% to € 212.6 million (+4.3% in local currencies).
IFF 1st Qtr 2013 Sales - New York, May 7, 2013 - IFF net sales for the first quarter totaled $727.8 million, an increase of 2% from $710.6 million in the first quarter of 2012. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, local currency sales increased 3%. On a like-for-like basis, which excludes the exit of low-margin sales activities in Flavors, local currency sales increased 4%. Net income totaled $90.7 million for the Qtr, compared with net income of $81.1 million in 2012 (+18.4%). The Fragrances Business sales increased 3% to $371.5 million. The Flavors Business Unit sales increased 2% to $356.4 million.
Sensient F&F 1st Qtr 2013 Sales - Milwaukee, April 18, 2013 - The Flavors & Fragrances Group reported revenue of $217.0 million in the 1st Qtr of 2013, compared to $214.7 million in the comparable period in 2012. Operating income for the quarter was $28.9 million compared to $29.1 million in last years first quarter. The Flavors Business Unit
Givaudan 1st Qtr 2013 Sales - Geneva, 16 April 2013 In the first three months of 2013 Givaudan recorded sales of CHF 1,088.9 million, an increase of 3.9% on a like-for-like basis, and 2.7% in Swiss francs compared to the previous year. The Fragrance Division recorded sales of CHF 517.1 million, a growth of 4.2% on a like-for-like basis and 3.6% in Swiss francs. Sales growth has been driven by the good growth in Consumer Products, whereas sales in Fine Fragrances and Fragrances Ingredients were lower than in the first quarter of 2012. The Flavour Division reported sales of CHF 571.8 million, representing a 3.7% growth on a like-for-like basis and 1.9% in Swiss francs.
Senomyx & Firmenich Amend Their Sweet Taste Program Agreement - April 11, 2013 - Senomyx and Firmenich announced that the companies have amended and restated their Sweet Taste Program collaboration agreement. The amended agreement provides that Firmenich will have exclusive rights to commercialize certain Senomyx sweet flavor ingredients discovered under the collaboration in food and select beverage product categories for a period of time. After this initial period, Senomyx will begin selling the flavor ingredients to other flavor companies while Firmenich continues sales to food and beverage companies. Senomyxs initiation of its new direct sales strategy is intended to accelerate the Companys transformation into a profitable company by expanding its focus from discovery & development into commercialization. Senomyxs flavor ingredient portfolio will initially focus on sweet flavor modifiers, which can be used to restore the desired taste profile of products in which sucrose has been reduced. The first product will be S9632, which Senomyx intends to sell to flavor companies for end-use in non-alcoholic and powdered beverages, with the anticipated availability of commercial quantities of S9632 by the fourth quarter of 2013. The sweet flavor modifier S6973 will become available for sale by Senomyx for use in food and certain beverage categories at a future date. In addition, Senomyx may also decide in the future to directly commercialize other flavor ingredients to expand its portfolio and further support the direct sales strategy. Concurrent with the amendment, Senomyx and Firmenich have also entered into a Supply Agreement under which Firmenich has agreed to supply Senomyx with commercial quantities of certain sweet flavor ingredients. The Supply Agreement has a term of ten years, and is exclusive through 2017. This relationship streamlines and accelerates the launch of Senomyxs direct sales strategy, without the Company having to incur the cost of sourcing and establishing manufacturing capabilities at this time.
Bovill Family Seeks Buyer for its Treatt Shares March 19, 2013
Frutarom Full Year 2012 Sales - Haifa, Israel March 13, 2013 - Frutarom's revenues in FY 2012 totaled US$ 618 million, a 19.2% increase over 2011. Net profit increased 24% to US$ 52 million.
Symrise Full Year 2012 Sales - Holzminden, Germany - March 12, 2013 - In 2012 Symrise reported sales of €1,734.9 million (+9.6%) or +6 % in local currencies, while Net Income increased 7.5% to €157.5 million. Scent & Care reported sales of €883 million (+10%) or +7.0% in local currencies. Flavor & Nutrition saw sales increase by +12 % to €852 million (or +6% in local currencies).
Robertet Full Year 2012 Sales - 20 February 2013 - Robertet has reported sales for 2012 of 395.601 million euros, an increase of 6% over 2011. Fragrance sales increased 3.57% to 141.052 million euros. Flavour sales increased 8.85% to 154.89 million euros and Ingredient sales increased 4.97% to 96.648 million euros.
Mane - 2012 Sales increase of 20% - February 15, 2015 - Mane achieved a consolidated turnover of € 638.4 million in 2012, up 20.4% from € 530.1 million in 2011 (personal communication). Mane's 5 Year average annual sales growth has been above 15% - significantly higher than any other major F&F company.
Takasago 9 Month 2012-2013 Sales - February 14, 2013 - 9 Month sales increased 3% to ¥ 90,470 million from the prior fiscal year while net income increased 57% to ¥ 4,053 million.
IFF Full Year 2012 Sales - New York, Feb. 8, 2013 - revenue for the full year increased 1.1% to $2,821.4 million. Local currency sales increased 4% for the full year, reflecting accelerated momentum throughout the year. On a like-for-like basis, sales increased 5%. The emerging markets accounted for 47% of full year sales. Net income for the full year totaled $254.1 million, compared with net income of $266.9 million in the prior year. The Fragrance business unit revenue for the full year of $1,443.1 million was flat compared with the prior year. Fragrance local currency sales increased 3%. Flavors business unit revenue for the full year increased 2.3% to $1,378.4 million. For the 4th Qtr, total revenue increases 5.6% to $680.6 million. 4th Qtr Fragrance revenue increase 10.1% to $354.1 million and 4th Qtr Flavors revenue increased 1.1% to $326.4 million.
Sensient F&F Full Year 2012 Sales - Milwaukee, Feb. 8, 2013 - The Flavors & Fragrances Group reported record revenue of $875.3 million in 2012, up 2.1% from $857.5 million in 2011. Operating income was $123.0 million in 2012 compared to $129.4 million in 2011. Foreign currency translation reduced revenue by approximately three percent and operating income by one percent in 2012. In the 4th Qtr, the Flavors & Fragrances Group reported revenue of $216.9 million, an increase of 5.6% over the $205.4 million reported in last years fourth quarter. Operating income was $28.7 million in the quarter compared to $31.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2011.
FEMA GRAS List 26 - 5 February 2013 - Now available: 26. GRAS Flavoring Substances List: This list of substances will appear in the 26th publication (GRAS 26) authored by the Expert Panel of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association on recent progress in the consideration of flavoring ingredients generally recognized as safe (GRAS) under conditions of their intended use in food flavorings in accordance with the 1958 Food Additives Amendment to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.
Givaudan Full Year 2012 Sales - Geneva, 5 February 2013 - For the full year, Givaudan Group sales totalled CHF 4,257 million, an increase of 6.6% in local currencies and 8.7% in Swiss francs compared to 2011. Sales of the Fragrance Division were CHF 2,021 million, an increase of 8.4% in local currencies and 10.3% in Swiss francs. Sales of the Flavour Division were CHF 2,236 million, an increase of 5.0% in local currencies and 7.4% in Swiss francs compared to 2011. Net income increased to CHF 411 million in 2012 from CHF 252 million in 2011, driven by an improved operating performance, lower financial expenses and a lower income tax rate. This represents 9.7% of sales in 2012, versus 6.4% in 2011. Basic earnings per share increased to CHF 45.15 in 2012 from CHF 27.71 in the previous year.
T. Hasegawa 2011-2012 Sales Results - for the full year ending September 30, 2012 consolidated net sales were ¥44,386 million compared to ¥ 44,246 in the prior year. Net income for the period decreased 17% to ¥2,586 million.
Frutarom 9 Months 2012 Sales - Haifa, Israel November 27, 2012 - For the first nine months of 2012, Frutarom sales grew, net of currency effects, by 27.9%, achieving record sales for the first nine months of US$473.1 M, versus US$386.9 M during the first nine months of 2011. In dollar terms, sales grew by 22.3%. Frutarom's sales in the Flavors segment, net of currency effects, increased by 34.6% compared with the first nine months of last year, reaching a high of US$345.6 M for the first nine months. 3d Qtr sales rose to US$157.1 M, a 24% growth net of currency effects, compared with US$135.3 M during the same quarter in 2011. In dollar terms, sales grew by 16.2%. Frutarom's sales in the Flavors segment, the most profitable of the Company's activities, grew, net of currency effects, by 26.4% during Q3 of this year, compared with the same quarter last year, reaching a third quarter record high of US$114.2 M. Flavors sales constitute 73% of total Frutarom sales.
FEMA Interim GRAS List - November 19, 2012 - FEMA has released the latest interim GRAS list which includes eleven new additions.
Takasago Half Year 2012-2013 Sales - November 13, 2012 - Takasago's half year sales increased marginally to ¥ 60,152 million from ¥59,932 million in the prior year (+0.4%).
Symrise 9 Months 2012 Sales - Holzminden, Germany - Nov. 7, 2012 - In the first nine months of 2012 Symrise posted revenues of € 1,319.6 million (+9.4%), or +5.9% in local currencies. The Scent & Care division generated 9 month sales of € 670.6 million vs. € 609.7 million in 2011 (+10%) and +6.5% in local currencies. Flavor & Nutrition generated 9 month sales of € 649.0 million vs. € 596.6 million in 2011 (+8.8%) and +5.2% in local currencies. 9 month net income rose 7.2% to € 125.9 million
IFF 3d Qtr 2012 Sales - New York, Nov. 6, 2012 - 3d Qtr revenues were $709 million, a decrease of 0.7% from $713.8 million in the third quarter of 2011. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, local currency sales increased 5%. For the full 3 quarters of 2012 revenues were $2,140.9 million, essentially flat vs. $2,143.6 million in 2011. 3d Qtr Flavor sales were $340.7 million vs. $340.6 million in 2011. Flavor sales for the first 3 Qtrs totaled $1,051.9 million vs. $1,024.6 million in 2011 (+2.7%). 3d Qtr Fragrances sales were $368.3 million vs. $373.2 million in 2011. Fragrances sales for the first 3 Qtrs totaled $1,089 million vs. $1,119 million in 2011 (-2.7%). Reported net income totaled $16.4 million, or $0.20 per diluted share, for the third quarter. Reported net income includes $72.4 million of tax expense related to the previously announced Spanish tax settlement.
Welcome to the Leffingwell & Associates Web site. We are dedicated to serving the Perfume, flavor, food and beverage community with information, products and services. This Web site offers information on interesting subjects related to Perfume and Flavor Chemistry...and many links for those interested in flavors, fragrance, olfaction, herbs and spices, botanical medicine, as well as organoleptic properties and molecular visualization of selected flavor & fragrance materials.
Flavor-Base - 9th Edition - released October 2, 2012 - A new version to the world's most extensive database on flavoring materials and food additives.
ESO 2000 (update
2006) - The Complete Database of Essential Oils -
demo from the cloud on any
Windows PC, Apple® PC or IPad®
Beverage-Master 2011 - A new version with enhanced features for Excel 2007 & 2010. The world's leading program for beverage development.
Juice-Master 2011 - A new version with enhanced features for Excel 2007 & 2010. The leading program for development of juice containing beverages.
Chiral chemistry in flavours & fragrances - March 31, 2011 - a new article by John C. & Diane Leffingwell from the March 2011 issue of Speciality Chemicals Magazine.
Volatile Constituents of the Giant Puffball Mushroom (Calvatia gigantea) - March 26, 2011 - by John C. Leffingwell & E.D. Alford - a new article disclosing the first report of anthranilate esters in a mushroom species.
Cooling Ingredients and Their Mechanism of Action, by John C. Leffingwell in Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology, Third edition, André O. Barel, Marc Paye, and Howard I. Maibach, Editors, Pub: Informa Healthcare: New York. Chapter 65, pp. 661-675 (2009) - sign in at Amazon to read the article.
The Taste of Carbonation - October 2009 - Charles S. Zuker and co-workers shed light on the receptor mechanism(s) that drive the sensory perception of CO2 in the October 16th issue of Science magazine.
Electronic 'nose' could shed light on sense of smell - Chemical World, April 2009 Issue - Korean researchers combine human smell receptors with nanotechnology to create a new kind of 'bio-electronic nose' that they hope will help improve understanding of the human sense of smell. For the original article - go to Polypyrrole Nanotubes Conjugated with Human Olfactory Receptors...
The sweet scent of success by Emma Davies, Chemistry World, Vol 6 (2 ), February 2009 - Interesting insights into some of the world's most celebrated perfume molecules. To download a pdf file of this article, click HERE
Molecular mechanism for the umami taste synergism - An article by F Zhang et al, PNAS, 2008, DOI: 10.1073_pnas.0810174106 - a proposed unique venus fly-trap molecular mechanism by which molecules drastically enhance umami flavour - the savoury taste associated with protein-rich foods such as meat, cheese and seafood.
Perfumers' odor perception space - An article by Manuel Zarzo & David T. Stanton, Understanding the underlying dimensions in perfumers' odor perception space as a basis for developing meaningful odor maps, Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 71(2), 225-247 (2009)
The Flavor & Fragrance Market - Article by Herta Ziegler in the 2007 book Flavourings: Production, Composition, Applications, Regulations
Scents of Precious Woods, an article by John Leffingwell on the odor active enantiomers of the world's most important aromatic woods and modern replacement aroma chemicals.
Chirality & Bioactivity: Pharmacology - an article by John Leffingwell tracing the history & importance of chirality and bioactivity.
ESO 2000 (update 2006) - a major update of ESO - The Complete Database of Essential Oils. The new ESO 2000 (update 2006) has 33% more analyses with 21% more chemical compounds than its earlier version.
PMP 2001 Rated the Top Ranked Olfactory Database - In J. Chem. Inf. Model. 2006, 46, 32-38, Comparing the Information Content of Two Large Olfactory Databases by Marco Pintore, et. al., ..."But more important for the aim of this work, all validation and prediction scores associated with the PMP 2001 data sets were clearly superior to the Arctander ones, with differences ranging between 5 and 20%. Then, these results seem to indicate the information content included in the PMP 2001 database is more trustable and it should be adopted as reference database for deeper studies on more extended olfactory data sets."
I n t h
e N e w s
Visit the BACIS web pages - now on our site (Boelens Aroma Chemical Information Service). Lots of free information.
Menthol - A COOL
Firmenich 2011-2012 Sales - Oct. 22, 2012 - For the financial year ended June 30, 2012, Firmenich posted sales of CHF 2,636 million, a decline of 5.2% in Swiss Francs but an increase of 1.1% in local currencies. Perfumery posted a solid single-digit sales increase in local currencies. The Flavors Division posted a modest increase in sales, fueled by strong momentum in Savory Foods and Sweet Goods and driven by high double-digit growth in several strategic growth markets. Ingredients sales declined as the sales performance was significantly hindered by emerging competition.
Sensient F&F 3d Qtr 2012 Sales - Milwaukee, October 19, 2012 - The Flavors & Fragrances Group reported third quarter revenue of $224.7 million (+2%) compared to $220.3 million in last years third quarter. Operating income was $31.8 million in the quarter compared to $33.1 million in the third quarter of 2011. Foreign currency translation reduced revenue by 3.4% and operating income by 1.4% in the quarter. Third quarter results were affected by customer inventory destocking and higher raw material costs.
Givaudan 9 Months 2012 Sales - Geneva, 9 October 2012 In the first nine months of 2012 Givaudan recorded sales of CHF 3,231 million, an increase of 6.1% in local currencies and 8.8% in Swiss francs compared to the previous year. Fragrance Division sales were CHF 1,533 million for the first nine months of 2012, an increase of 7.6 % in local currencies and 9.9% in Swiss francs. Flavour Division sales were CHF 1,698 million during the first nine months of 2012, an increase of 4.8% in local currencies and 7.7% in Swiss francs over the same period in 2011.
Frutarom 1st Half 2012 Sales - Haifa, Israel August 22, 2012 - Frutaroms 1st Half 2012 revenues increased 25.6% to US $316.0 million while income rose to 27.0 million (+6.3%). 2 Qtr revenues were US $164.8 million, a 26.2% increase in USD compared to Q2 2011.
Takasago 1st Qtr Year 2012-2013 Sales - August 13, 2012 - Takasago's sales for the 1st Qtr ending June 30, 2012 increased 3.5% to ¥30,735 million from ¥29,694 million in the prior fiscal year.
IFF 2d Qtr & Half Year 2012 Sales - New York, August 08, 2012 - 2d Qtr revenue totaled $721,317 million, an increase of 0.8% from $715,589 million in the second quarter of 2011. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, local currency sales increased 4%. 2d Qtr flavor sales increased 4.6% to $361,371 million, compared with $345,407 million in the second quarter of 2011. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, local currency sales increased 8% on top of the 8% growth reported in the second quarter of 2011. 2d Qtr fragrance sales declined 2.8% to $359,946 million compared to $370,182 in the prior year period. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, in local currency, 2d Qtr fragrance sales were flat. For the half year, consolidated sales were $1,431,933 million compared to $1,429,860 million in 2011 (+1%). Half year flavor sales increased to $711,258 million vs. $683,994 million in 2011 (+4%). Half year fragrance sales were $720,675 million vs. $745,866 million in 2011 (-3.5%). Half year net income rose to $169,651 million from $160,231 million in 2011 (+5.9%).
Symrise Half year 2012 Sales - Holzminden, Germany - August 9, 2012 - In the first six months of 2012 Symrise posted revenues of € 871.6 million (+7.4%), or +4.4% in local currencies. The Scent & Care division generated sales of € 444.4 million vs. € 409.5 million in 2011 (+8.5%) and +5.5% in local currencies. Flavor & Nutrition generated 1st half sales of € 427.2 million vs. € 402.3 million in 2011 (+6.2%) and +3.2% in local currencies. Half year net income rose 7.9% to € 83.5 million
Givaudan 1st half 2012 Sales - Geneva, 3 August 2012 Givaudan group sales for the first six months of the year totalled CHF 2,126 million, an increase of 6.9% in local currencies and 6.0% in Swiss francs. Fragrance Division sales were CHF 994 million, an increase of 8.3% in local currencies and 7.2% in Swiss francs. Flavour Division sales were CHF 1,132 million, an increase of 5.6% in local currencies and 5.0% in Swiss francs. Net income for the first six months of 2012 was CHF 201 million, versus CHF 120 million in 2011. This results in a net profit margin of 9.5%, versus 6.0% in 2011.
Sensient F&F 2d Qtr 2012 Sales - - Milwaukee, July 20, 2012 - Sensient's Flavors & Fragrances Group reported second quarter revenue of $218.9 million, compared to the $225.8 million reported in the comparable period last year (-3.1%). Operating income was $33.5 million in the quarter, compared to $35.9 million reported in last years second quarter (-6.7%). Foreign currency translation reduced revenue by 4.3% and operating income by 3.0%.
Florachem - June 15, 2012 - Michael B. Wimberly has been named CEO of Florachem Corporation, the Jacksonville, Florida-based specialty chemicals company. Mr. Wimberly assumes his role as CEO with over 30 years of experience in the aroma chemicals industry, including management positions in manufacturing, purchasing and marketing. Most recently, he was Vice President of Renessenz LLC.
Frutarom 1st Qtr 2012 Sales - Haifa, Israel May 30, 2012 - Frutaroms 1st Qtr revenues for 2012 were US$151.2 million, a 27.5% increase in local currency terms and +25% in USD compared to US$121 million in Q1 2011.
Takasago Full Year 2011-2012 Sales - May 14, 2012 - Takasago sales for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31,2012 were ¥113,676 million compared to ¥114,861 million in the prior fiscal year (-1.0%).
Symrise 1st Qtr 2012 Sales - Holzminden, Germany - May 09, 2012 - Symrise first Qtr sales increased 3.8% to € 432.6 million (+2.0% at local currency). Scent & Care sales increased 3% to € 224.9 million (+1.1% at local currency). Flavor & Nutrition sales increased 4.7% to € 207.8 million (+3.0% at local currency).
IFF 1st Qtr 2012 Sales - New York, May 08, 2012 - IFF reported first quarter 2012 revenue of $710,616 million, 0.51% lower than the prior year period. Flavor sales increased 3.3 percent over the prior year period while local currency sales grew five percent. Fragrance sales declined four percent over the prior year period while local currency sales declined three percent.
Sensient F&F 1st Qtr 2012 Sales - - Milwaukee, April 20, 2012 - Sensient's Flavors & Fragrances Group sales increased 4.3 % to $214.7 million vs. 2011.
Givaudan 1st Qtr, 2012 Sales - Geneva, 11 April 2012 - In the first three months of 2012, Givaudan recorded sales of CHF 1,060.3 million, an increase of 8.4% in local currencies and 4.7% in Swiss francs compared to the previous year. The Fragrance Division recorded sales of CHF 499.1 million, a growth of 10.7% in local currencies and 6.8% in Swiss francs. The Flavour Division reported sales of CHF 561.2 million, representing an increase of 6.4% in local currencies and 3.0% in Swiss francs.
Links to Other Sites....Search Our Site
Vibrationally assisted electron transfer mechanism of olfaction: myth or reality?, Ilia A. Solov'yov , Po-Yao Chang and Klaus Schulten, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 13861
See also - Jennifer C. Brookes, Andrew P. Horsfield and A. Marshall Stoneham, Review: The Swipe Card Model of Odorant Recognition, Sensors 2012, 12(11), 15709-1574
IOFI Global (Flavourings) Reference List (GRL) - Released February 2013 - contains all FEMA, EU Flavis and JECFA materials.
IOFI Natural Complex (Flavourings) Substances (GRL) - Released February 2013 - contains all FEMA, FDA and COE materials.
New EU Flavoring Regulations - Released October 2, 2012
Chirality & Odour Perception - Updated October 31, 2012 (now with over 1,330 enantiomers)
Cool without Menthol & Cooler than Menthol and Cooling Compounds as Insect Repellents
Scent and Chemistry - This book is the long awaited completely revised and extended edition of Günther Ohloff's standard work "Scent and Fragrances: The Fascination of Odors and Their Chemical Perspectives". The prominent chemists Günther Ohloff, Wilhelm Pickenhagen, and Philip Kraft convey the scientist, the perfumer, as well as the interested layman with a vivid and up-to-date picture of the state of the art of the chemistry of odorants and the research in odor perception. The book details on the molecular basis of olfaction, olfactory characterization of perfumery materials, structure-odor relationships, the chemical synthesis of odorants, and the chemistry of essential oils and odorants from the animal kingdom, backed up by ca. 400 perfumery examples and historical aspects. Available as of December 2011.
His latest book takes the reader on a journey through
many biodiversity hotspots, all of them home to endangered
plant species. Roman Kaiser has worked for over ten years
collecting and investigating the scent of around 500
endangered plant species worldwide, of which 267 are
described in 'Scent of the Vanishing Flora'. The book starts
with an introductory section sharing some research and
concerns about the loss of biodiversity and extinction of
key species around the world. Dr. Kaiser continues by
presenting scented species of the Vanishing Flora
encountered during his fascinating expeditions to such
exotic places as the Hawaiian Islands, the Cape Floral
Kingdom, the rainforests around the tropical belt and the
European Alps. The book concludes with a description of the
iconic family of the Vanishing Flora, Orchidaceae, and
summarises the analytical compositions of the presented
completes first stage of comprehensive safety review of
flavouring substances -
November 9, 2010 - Scientists at the European Food Safety
Authority have completed the first stage of a comprehensive
safety review of 2,067 flavouring substances used in the
European Union. Based on EFSAs work, the European
Commission will establish a list of flavouring substances
which can continue to be used in the EU. EFSAs
scientific Panel on flavourings (the CEF Panel) found that
the majority of flavouring substances
(1,667) do not give rise to safety concerns. The Panel has
asked manufacturers of the flavouring substances to provide
further data on around 400 substances to allow it to
complete the evaluations. EFSA will re-assess those
substances once those data are received.
Firmenich's New Enantioselective Synthesis of (-)-beta-Santalol
Offerings on this Site
FRM 2001 - The Complete
Database of Flavour (Raw) Materials
The Musk & Fragrance Controversy - download the Draft for public hearing from the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation entitled Fragrances 2000
Cosmetics - European Regulations
List of Opinions concerning the 1st update of the inventory of ingredients employed in cosmetic products section II : perfume and aromatic raw materials (adopted by the SCCNFP during the plenary session of 24 October 2000) - Opinions current to June 12, 2001.
G u e s t B o o k
and Flavour threshold values in air, water and other
L.J. van Gemert. Available now: an impressive collection of
odour & flavour threshold values starting from the early
days of olfactory research, including literature references,
compiled by L.J. van Gemert, formerly of TNO Nutrition and
Food Research Institute, Zeist, The Netherlands.