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Flavor-Base - 10th Edition
In the News ...................................Welcome Page
NEW - Offerings on this Site
Flavor-Base 10............... .. Juice-Master 2011
Beverage-Master 2011
VCF 2000 - Volatile Compounds in Foods
ESO 2006 - Essential oils
PMP 2001 - Perfumery Materials
PFC - Perfume & Fragrance Classification
FRM 2001 - Flavor Raw Materials
Odour Thresholds
************FEATURED NEWS***********

Flavor-Base - 10th Edition is Here NEW - A new version to the world's most extensive database on flavoring materials and food additives.

Beverage-Master 2011 - NEW - A new version with enhanced features for Excel 2007, 2010, 2013 & 2016. The world's leading program for beverage development.

Juice-Master 2011 - NEW - A new version with enhanced features for Excel 2007, 2010, 2013 & 2016. The leading program for development of juice containing beverages.

Flavor & Fragrance Industry Leaders - See the Top Ten and their Sales Volume. View charts on market segments.
For past News visit our Archives

NEW - Download area for Demos
Download Flavor-Base 9 Demo
 Download "Beverage-Master 2011" Demo for Excel
 Download "Juice-Master 2011" Demo for Exce
  Download "VCF 2000 - Volatile Compounds in Foods" Demo
Download FRM 2001 - Flavor Raw Materials Demo
Download ESO 2006 - Essential oils Demo
Download PMP 2001 - Perfumery Materials Demo
Special Features on this Site
  Olfaction - A Review in Progress
  Odor and Flavor Detection Thresholds
  Phytochemical & Ethnobotanical Search Page
  Search PubMed .... from our site
  Lycopene - An Ultimate Phytochemical Nutraceutical?
  Carotenoid Precursors of Aroma Constituents 
  Boronia - Aromas from Carotenoids
  Saffron - Aromas from Carotenoids
  Rose - Aromas from Carotenoids
  Osmanthus - Aromas from Carotenoids
  Tobacco - Aromas from Carotenoids
  Aldehydes - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
  Alkenols: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
  Burnt Sugar Notes: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
  delta-Lactones - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
  Esters - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
  gamma-Lactones - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
  Pyrazines - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
  GC-MS analysis of hardwood smoke flavor.
  GC-MS analysis of Dark Fire-cured Tobacco

Visit Perfumer's World and download the Perfumer's Workbook (free) to see the future of computing in formulation creativity.

 

 

 

 

Olfaction - A Review
 Search PubMed ... from our site
Phytochemical & Ethnobotanical Database Search... from our site

Food Science / Law
Chemoreception
Molecular Visualization...
...Herbs & Botanicals
****** Featured Sites of the Month******

Olfaction - A Review - Updated October 13, 2016

Chirality & Odour Perception - Updated August 2, 2016 (now with over 1,424 enantiomers)

The FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library - September 23, 2015 - FEMA has officially launched its online Flavor Ingredient Library, a free and easily accessible resource for researchers, the media and consumers seeking information on substances that are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for use as flavor ingredients. All the FEMA GRAS lists are available for FREE.

Cool without Menthol & Cooler than Menthol and Cooling Compounds as Insect Repellents - Updated July 28, 2016

The Riverside Aromatics - Perfumer & Flavorist Library -
David Rowe's articles on Aroma chemicals

IOFI Global (Flavourings) Reference List (GRL) - contains all FEMA, EU Flavis and JECFA materials.

IOFI Natural Complex (Flavourings) Substances (GRL) - contains all FEMA, FDA and COE materials.

Flavor Properties of FEMA GRAS List 26 flavor chemicals - New 2014

Flavor Properties of GRAS List 25 flavor chemicals - Updated August 13, 2011

Society of Flavor Chemists - Nov. 20, 2008 Presentations (Revised Jan. 20, 2009), on

New Cooling Compounds
and Odds & Trends in the F&F Industry

Nathalie Manser - Musique & Parfums

IOFI Update on Artificial Flavourings - February 27, 2007

Scents of Precious Woods

50 Years of Flavor Chemistry

Fragrance & Flavor – Art & Science

EPI SuiteTM - Free program for estimating LogP (LogKow), solubility, etc.

Cooling Compounds - Dr. Mark Erman's presentation to the Society of Flavor Chemists (December 2003)

Refractive Index-Dry Substance (RI-DS) Program - The Corn Refiners Association's RI-DS Program is an Excel-based program for IBM compatible personal computers which allows generation of tables relating dry substance and refractive index for corn syrups, high fructose corn syrup and blends of these products with sucrose.

Chirality & Bioactivity: Pharmacology - download as pdf file only

European Commision - Current status of "Flavourings"

Bo Jensen's Site with a wonderful guide to natural materials

Art & Parfum - from Roudnitska


International Centre for Aroma Trades Studies Diploma
Long Distance Diploma - Program Details

Special Sites with F&F News & Links

Allured's -Perfumer & Flavorist
Musées de Grasse
osMoz - Perfume Site

*****FLAVOR & FRAGRANCE LINKS 2*****

Flavor & Fragrance Companies
Flavor & Fragrance Digitization & Bioinformatics Sites
Trade Associations & Professional Societies
Flavor & Fragrance Software
Flavor & Fragrance Information
Flavor & Fragrance Publications
Selected Perfume Related Links
F&F Related Buyers Guides & Resources
Links to "Electronic Noses"

 

Trade Associations & Professional Societies .F&F Topics

American Association of Cereal Chemists, Inc.
American Oil Chemists' Society
American Society of Perfumers
American Spice Trade Association
British Society of Flavorists
British Society of Perfumers
Chemical Sources Association
Society of Flavor Chemists - USA
Colipa - European Cosmetic Toiletry & Perfumery Association
Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association (CTFA)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftliche und Angewandte Kosmetik
European Chemoreception Research Organisation
Fragrances & Flavour Association of India
The Fragrance Foundation
Grasse Institute of Perfumery - training courses to develop the fundamental knowledge of creating a perfume
IFEAT - International Federation of Essential Oils and Aroma Trades
International Federation of Societies of Cosmetic Chemists
International Fragrance Association (IFRA)
International Perfume Bottle Association
Japan Flavor & Fragrance Materials Association - Japanese site
Japan Food Additives Association - Japanese site
National Association of Fruits, Flavors & Syrups, Inc.
Prodarom - French National Association of Fragrance Manufacturers
Società Italiana di Chimica e Scienze Cosmetologiche
Society of Cosmetic Scientists (UK)
Swiss Society of Cosmetic Chemists
World Perfumery Congress
Women in Flavor and Fragrance Commerce, Inc.

Flavor & Fragrance Software ....................F&F Topics

The Akers Group, Inc. - Formula and Project Management software
Allured's Flavor and Fragrance Materials
Beverage-Master - from Leffingwell & Associates
Flavor-Base - from Leffingwell & Associates
Flavor Knowledge Systems - consulting & software
Juice-Master - from Leffingwell & Associates
Perfumer's Workbook
Streatley Software Solutions - Formula & Project management software for the F&F industry
Volatile Compounds in Food (online) - from the TNO Nutrition and Food Research organisation

Flavor & Fragrance Information ....................F&F Topics

Alcohol Drawback Information - Robert L. Anello simplifies the confusion of ATF Regulations for F&F type companies
Aldehydes - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
Alkenols: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
ANUCCI - Fragrance information site & primer
Aromas from Carotenoids
Brian M. Lawrence - "A Planning Scheme to Evaluate New Aromatic Plants for the Flavor and Fragrance Industries"; Lists production of world's 20 top essential oils and more
Boronia - Aromas from Carotenoids
Burnt Sugar Notes: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
CastorOil.in – The Castor Oil Resource
Codex Alimentarius Commission
Esters - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
Flavour and Fragrance Journal - Online
Flavours and fragrances of plant origin -FAO
Flavornet at Cornell U.
Flavor Ingredients Online - from FKS - Flavor Ingredient Search
Flavour Matrix
FDA EAFUS List - a list of Everything Added to Food in the U.S.
US FDA/Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition: Food Labeling
FDA Summary of Color Additives listed for Use in the U.S.
Search the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations
Leatherhead Food International
FAO Documents on Flavor & Fragrance Materials
.......... - BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
...........- CEDARWOOD OILS
...........- CINNAMOMUM OILS (INCLUDING CINNAMON AND CASSIA)
...........- ESSENTIAL OILS
...........- EUCALYPTUS OIL
...........- FLAVOURS AND FRAGRANCES OF PLANT ORIGIN
...........- GUM ARABIC, GUM TALHA AND OTHER ACACIA GUMS
...........- LOCUST BEAN (CAROB)
...........- LITSEA CUBEBA OIL
...........- OLIBANUM (FRANKINCENSE), MYRRH AND OPOPANAX RESINS AND OILS
...........- ROSEWOOD OIL
...........- SANDALWOOD OIL
...........- SASSAFRAS OIL
...........- SOFT RESINS AND BALSAMS
...........- TURPENTINE FROM PINE RESIN
Fragrance Chemistry - from Iris Piringer
Fragrance Ingredients Online - from FKS - Fragrance Ingredient Search
Herbs & Spices - Essential oil yields
Hyssop Oil
India - F&F Market Analysis - by S. K. Sanganeria (Ultra International)
Institute of Food Technologists
Summary of Evaluations Performed by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA)
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives
delta-Lactones - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
gamma-Lactones - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
MEDICINAL, CULINARY AND AROMATIC PLANTS IN THE NEAR EAST - FAO
Menthol - A COOL Site:
...........- Menthol - Background & Organoleptic Properties
...........- Synthesis of (-)-Menthol from (+)-Citronellal 
...........- Synthesis of (-)-Menthol from (+)-Pulegone
...........- Synthesis of (-)-Menthol from (-)-Piperitone
...........- (-)Menthol Synthesis from (-)-alpha-Phellandrene
...........- (-)-Menthol Synthesis from (-)-delta-3-Carene
...........- (-)-Menthol Synthesis from (+)-Limonene
...........- (-)-Menthol Synthesis from (-)-beta-Pinene
...........- H&R (-)-Menthol Synthesis from m-Cresol / Thymol
...........- Takasago (-)-Menthol Synthesis from Myrcene
New Crop Home Page - Purdue University
Odor Thesholds of GRAS Flavor Chemicals
Olfaction - A Review
Osmanthus - Aromas from Carotenoids
Patchouli - from Indonesia
Plant Oils - WWW Resources
Professor Min's Flavor Chemistry Site
Pyrazines - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
Rose Oil Distillation - A photo tour from The Essential Oil Company
Rose - Aromas from Carotenoids
Dr. David Rowe - Aroma Chemicals for the Sweet Field
Dr. David Rowe - Aroma Chemicals for Savory Flavors
Dr. David Rowe - More Fizz for Your Buck: High-impact Aroma Chemicals
Dr. Simon Jameson - Organosulphur Chemistry - Aroma Chemicals and Beyond
Saffron - Aromas from Carotenoids
Sage Oil distillation - A photo tour from The Essential Oil Company
SAIB Now Permitted by FDA as Beverage Weighting Agent - With SAIB now being permitted in the United States, it is approved in more than forty countries making it one of the most widely accepted weighting agents for citrus oils in the world. Download the Eastman Chemical fact sheet on SAIB (in .pdf format)
Taste - UNLOCKING THE SECRETS OF TASTE from Chemical & Engineering News - September 10, 2001. Need to be ACS member to access for free

The Good Scents Companyinformation on Perfume and flavor raw material specifications and odor descriptions.
Tobacco - Aromas from Carotenoids
Vetiver - An Indonesian essential oil
 

Flavor & Fragrance Publications & Links....F&F Topics

Allured Publishing Corporation
Allured's Perfumer & Flavorist Site
Chemical Abstacts - Flavors & Fragrances Online
Flavour and Fragrance Journal
Happi - online
Perfumer & Flavorist - Headline News

Symrise (formerly Haarmann & Reimer) F&F Publications

Fragrance Related
The Early History of Cosmetics
Sun worship
Beating the cold weather with good scents
The Art of sniffing
Fragrant convergence - More and more women are reaching for masculine fragrances
What's the smell of beach like, actually?
When babies smell like household cleansers - Other countries, other customs – and other olfactory preferences
Fin de siècle - These are the perfumes that characterized the '80s and '90s
The Power of Perfumes
The Happy Oils - Citrus oils are very popular in perfumery
A Sense of the Scents
The Sense of Smell
The Creative Work of the Perfumer
Fragrance Families
Raw Materials and Processing
Perfume Oils for a Wide Range of Applications
Cosmetic Ingredients
Fragrance Genealogy from H&R - Feminine - download pdf
Fragrance Genealogy from H&R - Masculine - download pdf
Along the Lavender Route through Haute Provence
Well being through fragrances - Aromatherapy - How it's used and how it works
The Three Glorious Decades - A new kind of perfumery is born
The Garden of 100 Scents - Aroma Garden in Erlangen
The Color of Fragrance - Favorite colors - Favorite scents
The Makings of Fragrances
The Makings of Fragrances, Part 2 - Bergamot, Violet & Co.
The Makings of Fragrance, Part 3 - Fragrant, sensual and seductive
What's the right perfume for me? - Smell it before you buy it
Flavor Related
Super soups!
Clarity from the depth
Sweet seduction under the Christmas tree - Marzipan, a gift from the land of The Thousand And One Nights
Does peppermint make you feel sexy?
Where the sweet peppers grow - Eating and drinking around the world: Hungary
The right combination for the right spirit - Flavored beer drinks are conquesting the gastronomy scene
Eat - and live to a ripe old age - Eating and drinking around the world: Japan
Life wouldn't be nearly as sweet without sugar - "Sweet salt" — Its history, how it's made and what it is
A bootful of delicacies - Eating and drinking around the world: Italy
Convenient to prepare, convenient to serve - Ready-to-eat meals are hot sellers
I scream, you scream - we all scream for ice cream
A Spice Primer
A Spice Primer, Part 2
A Spice Primer, Part 3
The spirit of wine - An ingredient in numerous spirits
Coffee - Or "black wine" - The number one popular drink
Chocolate - Food of the gods
Cranberries - The Indians loved them too
Tea: A success story - From medicine to popular refreshment
Flavor - What is it?
A Brief Cultural History of Taste

Symrise F&F Publications online

The Art of sniffing
Fragrant convergence - More and more women are reaching for masculine fragrances
Clarity from the depth - Mineral water advances toward the cult drink
Coffee - A dark Passion
A foamy white dream - Whipping up whips
Can you also taste umami?
The Early History of Cosmetics
Sun worship

Osmoz Publications Online

History of Fragrances
Olfactory Groups
Brands & Fragrances
Raw Materials
Production Techniques
Books - The most beautiful literary works in the world of olfaction.

Osmoz Reports
Portuguese Lavender has a name: Ach. Brito
The grand comeback of custom-made
Pierre Brunet's large and fragrant family
In the realm of relaxation, well-being reigns supreme
Femme by Rochas: femininity in a perfume
Frédéric Malle, a perfume producer
Coffee accords in perfumes
Extra-Vieille by Roger & Gallet, much more than just Cologne...
4711, a very present past
Inmates: a scent of freedom
Olivia Giacobetti, Andrée Putmann's nose
Perfumes: the greatest hits of 2001
Oriental perfumes: I got you under my skin...
When stars embody perfumes...
Stars and perfume: a mutual attraction
Holy Smoke!
Home fragrances
Fragrant pregnancy
Teenagers and Perfumes
Teen Scents... and Sensibility
Lorenzo Villoresi, an artist at the heart of perfume
Remembrance of Perfumes Past
The Fountain of Elegance
How to become a nose...
Smell: the Forbidden Sense?
The fragrant trail of major hotels
Perfume to keep people happy at work?
Blooming with health
L'Artisan Parfumeur: ahead by a nose
The great chef's aromas
The Nose Knows
A delicious whiff of tea
Tales from the water
Viva Aqua Allegorias
Scented products: The Essences of the Soul
Miniatures and where to find them
Form follows fashion
Sports fragrances: keeping cool on and off the court
Woody fragrances to attract women
Car air fresheners
Interview with Percy Kemp
Castelbajac's colorful scent
A passion for miniatures, starting a collection
Florists and perfumers
Aromatherapy and Aromachology: what's the difference?
Federico Restrepo, exclusive to the extreme!
Camille Goutal follows in her mother's footsteps
Baby Steps... into Scents
Preserving Perfume
How to Wear a Perfume
Jean-François Laporte: In the Name of Perfume
Perfume: A User's Guide
Perfumes and seduction: love in a bottle?
Scents from Pompeii

The Fragrance Trail from Osmoz
The Rose of A Thousand and One Nights
Japan, the green tea ceremony
Olfactory strolls through the City of Lights
Sumatra, the land of Benzoin
Niaouli, king of the New Caledonian grasslands
Brazil's Coffee-and-Baroque Road
Eberbach, a sensorial journey with wine
Sicilian Marsala, an ambery wine, strong and generous
Speyside, the valley of Scotch whisky
Yemen, on the trail of incense
Reunion, an island of vanilla and vetiver
Ethiopia's mythic myrrh
Bergamote, the Gods' Gift to Calabria
Versailles, the city of the Sun King and the god of Perfume
Formentera, a fragrant island
Madeira: vineyards with an ocean view
The scent of jewelry on Paris's Place Vendôme
On the trail of Ceylon tea
Whiskey, Ireland's nectar
Barcelona: the Perfume Museum
London: discover the perfumers to the Royal Family
Beautiful Mysore sandalwood
Mayotte, ylang ylang island
Paying tribute to linden blossoms in Buis-les-Baronnies
Mytilene: Appreciating anise
Star Anise, the treasure of Vietnam
The Tiaré flower road
Artigny, le castle of the king of perfumes
The scent of ylang ylang in Mauritius
Santo-Domingo, a whiff of tobacco
Morocco, on the Trail of the Rose

 

Selected Perfume Related Links .................F&F Topics

Absolutes Information - From A to I - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Absolutes Information - From J to Q - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Absolutes Information - From R to Z - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Antique Fragrance Bottles from Shiseido
Bermuda Perfumery & Gardens
Burren Perfumery - Ireland
Concretes Information - From A to Z - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Essential Oils Information - From A to I - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Essential Oils Information - From J to Q - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Essential Oils Information - From R to Z - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Extracts Information - From A to Z - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Fragonard Parfumeur
Fragrant Flowers of the East from Shiseido
A History of Fragrance
Musées de Grasse - A Spectacular Tour of Perfume & Art
Oleoresins - From A to Z - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Perfume History
Perfumery Raw Material Chemicals - From A to I - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Perfumery Raw Material Chemicals - From J to Q - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Perfumery Raw Material Chemicals - From R to Z - Odor Descriptions from TGSC
Perfumers World
Perfumes Information - From A to I- Descriptions from TGSC
Perfumes Information - From J to Q - Descriptions from TGSC
Perfumes Information - From R to Z - Descriptions from TGSC
Perfumes - A mainstay of the French economy
Scientific Instrument Services - Analysis of Aromas
...... ..Volatile Organic Composition In Blueberries
........ Aroma Profiles of Various Lavandula Species
........ Volatile Organic Composition in Cultivars of Peaches
........ Changes in Volatile Organic Composition in Milk Over Time
........ Volatile Organic Composition Of Cranberries
........ Flavor/Fragrance Profiles of Instant and Ground Coffees
........ Identification of Volatile Organics In Wines Over Time
........ Flavor and Aroma In Natural Bee Honey
Story of the Camellia from Shiseido
Story of the Rose from Shiseido
The Fragrant Harvest - India
Wellington Fragrance - a good source for the online retail purchaser

F&F Related Buyers Guides & Resources

The Cosmetic Index

Links to "Electronic Noses" ..........................F&F Topics

AromaScan
Alpha M.O.S.
Cyrano Sciences Inc.
NOSE (Network on artificial olfactory sensing)
Sawtek - Vaporlab
Electronic Sensor Technology - the zNose(tm)

Top 10 Flavor & Fragrance Companies - Sales & Market Share

 

Please email us to suggest a link at leffingwell@mindspring.com

 Copyright © 2000-2009 by Leffingwell & Associates
Other Subjects on the Leffingwell & Associates Site

The Product Offerings:

Flavor-Base 10
Beverage-Master 2011
Juice-Master 2011
VCF 2000 - Volatile Compounds in Foods
ESO 2006 - Essential oils
PMP 2001 - Perfumery Materials
PFC 2002 - Perfume & Fragrance Classification
FRM 2001 - Flavor Raw Materials
Odour Thresholds

Other Interesting Places:

Chirality & Odour Perception
Cool without Menthol & Cooler than Menthol

In the News
Welcome Page
Guest Book

Flavor & Fragrance Links
Herbs & Botanical Links
Food Science Links
Chemoreception Links

Search PubMed

Phytochemical & Ethnobotanical Search Page

 

Aldehydes - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
Alkenols: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
Burnt Sugar Notes: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
delta-Lactones - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
Esters - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
gamma-Lactones - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
Pyrazines - GRAS: Odor Properties and Molecular Visualization
Odor Thesholds of GRAS Flavor Chemicals
Olfaction - A Review

Carotenoids- Precursors of Important Fragrance & Flavor Constituents
Boronia - Aromas from Carotenoids
Saffron - Aromas from Carotenoids
Rose - Aromas from Carotenoids
Osmanthus - Aromas from Carotenoids
Tobacco - Aromas from Carotenoids
Lycopene - The Ultimate Phytochemical Nutraceutical?

Smoke Flavor I. -The Flavor of Hardwood Smoke
Smoke Flavor II. - Dark Fire-Cured Tobacco

Telephone: 01-770-8895111 - Email:
leffingwell@mindspring.com
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